The European Union is founded in 1993 as an evolution of the European Economic Community and it actively participates in the preparation and conduct of the third World Conference against Racism, Racial Discrimination, Xenophobia and Related Intolerances held from August 31st to September 7th 2001 in Durban in South Africa.

On October 3rd 2001, the European Parliament adopts the resolution "World Conference against Racism in Durban" which takes note that the European Union agreed to wordings in the final declaration on slavery, the slave trade and colonialism that went further than initially foreseen in the EU common position, while avoiding the question of reparation for victims of these practices.

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"Has Africa ever been ready for dictatorship?"