In the light of the demands for independence the old "metropolis" change their strategy, giving rise to neocolonialism.

They grant then a formal independence, which hides a real dependence in the form of military and especially economic cooperation agreements, which ensure the continued exploitation of the now ex-colonies.

All this is accompanied in many countries by different forms of apartheid and racial segregation, which recede more and more gradually at the same rate with the firm condemnation to the international level and with the advance of mondialization.

For further information:


Dependency theory

14 African Countries Forced by France to Pay Colonial Tax For the Benefits of Slavery and Colonization

(White) Settler Futurity with Bloody Hands on Stolen Land

The CFA Franc: French Monetary Imperialism in Africa

Colonialism's new clothes: The EU’s Economic Partnership Agreements with Africa

The Jamaica Paid a Heavy Price for Freedom

UN Observes International Remembrance of Slave Trade

The Universal Declaration of Human Rights at 70: Time to De-Colonize Human Rights!

British Documents on the End of Empire

Creative Associates International (CAI): It’s Not Exactly the CIA, But Close Enough