On November 4, 2018 the first of the three referendums on independence, provided by the Nouméa Accord of 1998, took place seeing the victory of the anti-independentists with 56.40% of the votes.

On October 4, 2020 the second referendum took place seeing the victory of the anti-independentists with only 53.26% of the votes.

On February 17, 2021 the Congress of New Caledonia elects the members of the seventeenth Government, in which for the first time since 1984 the independentists obtain the majority, but which does not take office until 16 July 2021, one week after the election of President Louis Mapou.

On June 2, 2021 the Ministry of the Overseas Sébastien Lecornu, taking advantage of the agreement of the sixteenth outgoing Government of New Caledonia with an anti-independence majority, announces on behalf of the French Government that the third referendum would be held on December 12, 2021.

On November 12, 2021, despite the many requests for postponement to ensure a fair electoral campaign not disrupted by the COVID-19 epidemic and the French presidential elections, the High Commissioner of the Republic in New Caledonia Patrice Faure announces on behalf of the French government the maintenance of the consultation to December 12, 2021 for fear of losing military bases and nickel deposits. Calls for non-participation thus multiply, from the Strategic Independence Committee of Non-participation (formed by FLNKS, MNSK, PT, DUS, MOI, USTKE, FLS, CNTP) to Solidaires, from Union calédonienne to Survie, from MJKF and AISDPK to Palika.

Colonialism Reparation supports the non-participation in the referendum of December 12, 2021, a farcical consultation of self-determination without the colonized population, as a step towards the independence of Kanaky - New Caledonia and calls for France to present apologies and compensations for the colonial period., also returning the land grabbed and the huge profits deriving from the extraction of nickel.