Canada - Apartheid
The native population (First Nations, Inuit, Métis), estimated at more than one million people (4% of the population of Canada), has been the subject of various forms of apartheid during both the colonial period and after the independence. The Indian residential schools are the most striking example of apartheid developed in the Canadian colonies from the United Kingdom and after 1931 directly from the Federal government to assimilate the native population to the dominant culture.
On May 10, 2006 the Canadian Government announced the approval of the Indian Residential Schools Settlement Agreement, whose implementation began on September 19, 2007 providing reparations and welfare services to the victims, the activation of a Truth and Reconciliation commission, a program of commemorations and reconciliation initiatives.
One June 11, 2008 Prime Minister Stephen Harper then apologized on behalf of the Government to the native population for the role of Canada in the system of the Indian residential schools.